According to World Mental Health Surveys specific phobias are one of the most common mental disorders: Research from 22 countries revealed a prevalence of specific phobia of 7.4% overall (women 9.8% and men 4.9%).
There are five subtypes of specific phobias: animal (e.g. insects, snakes, dogs), natural environment (e.g. heights, storms, water), blood-injection-injury (e.g. blood, needles, medical and dental procedures), situational (e.g. flying, driving, elevators, enclosed spaces) and other.
Below is a list of the 11 most common phobias:
Arachnophobia – fear of spiders
Ophidiophobia – fear of snakes
Cynophobia – fear of dogs
Trypanophobia – fear of injections
Aerophobia – fear of flying
Social phobia or social anxiety disorder
Agoraphobia – fear of being in a situation where escape might be difficult
Claustrophobia – fear of small spaces
Mysophobia – fear of germs and dirt
Acrophobia – fear of heights
Astraphobia – fear of thunder and lightning
Wardenaar, K. J., Lim, C. C. W., Al-Hamzawi, A. O., Alonso, J., Andrade, L. H., Benjet, C., … de Jonge, P. (2017). The cross-national epidemiology of specific phobia in the World Mental Health Surveys. Psychological Medicine, 47(10), 1744–1760. http://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291717000174