According to World Mental Health Surveys specific phobias are one of the most common mental disorders: Research from 22 countries revealed a prevalence of specific phobia of 7.4% overall (women 9.8% and men 4.9%).

There are five subtypes of specific phobias: animal (e.g. insects, snakes, dogs), natural environment (e.g. heights, storms, water), blood-injection-injury (e.g. blood, needles, medical and dental procedures), situational (e.g. flying, driving, elevators, enclosed spaces) and other.

Below is a list of the 11 most common phobias:

Animal Phobia

Arachnophobia – fear of spiders

phobia spider and net

Ophidiophobia – fear of snakes

phobia snake-rainbow-boa-reptile-scale

Cynophobia – fear of dogs

phobia dog chihuahua-dog-puppy-cute-39317

Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia

Trypanophobia – fear of injections

phobia injection

Situational Phobia

Aerophobia – fear of flying

phobia flying sunset

Social phobia or social anxiety disorder

phobia social camera

Agoraphobia – fear of being in a situation where escape might be difficult

phobia agora

Claustrophobia – fear of small spaces

phobia elevator waiting

Mysophobia – fear of germs and dirt

dry soil

Environmental Phobia

Acrophobia – fear of heights

phobia height skyscraper

Astraphobia – fear of thunder and lightning

phobia lightning city



Wardenaar, K. J., Lim, C. C. W., Al-Hamzawi, A. O., Alonso, J., Andrade, L. H., Benjet, C., … de Jonge, P. (2017). The cross-national epidemiology of specific phobia in the World Mental Health Surveys. Psychological Medicine, 47(10), 1744–1760.